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dc.contributor.authorGünther, Torsten
dc.contributor.authorMalmström, Helena
dc.contributor.authorSvensson, Emma M.
dc.contributor.authorOmrak, Ayça
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Quinto, Frederico
dc.contributor.authorKılınç, Gülşah M.
dc.contributor.authorKrzewinska, Maja
dc.contributor.authorEriksson, Gunilla
dc.contributor.authorFraser, Magdalena
dc.contributor.authorEdlund, Hanna
dc.contributor.authorMunteres, Arielle R.
dc.contributor.authorCoutinho, Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorSimões, Luciana G.
dc.contributor.authorVicente, Mário
dc.contributor.authorSjölander, Anders
dc.contributor.authorSellevold, Berit J.
dc.contributor.authorJørgensen, Roger
dc.contributor.authorClaes, Peter
dc.contributor.authorShriver, Mark D.
dc.contributor.authorValdiosera, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorNetea, Mihai G.
dc.contributor.authorApel, Jan
dc.contributor.authorLidén, Kerstin Birgitta
dc.contributor.authorSkar, Birgitte
dc.contributor.authorStorå, Jan
dc.contributor.authorGötherström, Anders
dc.contributor.authorJakobsson, Mattias
dc.identifier.citationPLoS Biology. 2018, 16 (1), e2003703.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractScandinavia was one of the last geographic areas in Europe to become habitable for humans after the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). However, the routes and genetic composition of these postglacial migrants remain unclear. We sequenced the genomes, up to 57× coverage, of seven hunter-gatherers excavated across Scandinavia and dated from 9,500–6,000 years before present (BP). Surprisingly, among the Scandinavian Mesolithic individuals, the genetic data display an east–west genetic gradient that opposes the pattern seen in other parts of Mesolithic Europe. Our results suggest two different early postglacial migrations into Scandinavia: initially from the south, and later, from the northeast. The latter followed the ice-free Norwegian north Atlantic coast, along which novel and advanced pressure-blade stone-tool techniques may have spread. These two groups met and mixed in Scandinavia, creating a genetically diverse population, which shows patterns of genetic adaptation to high latitude environments. These potential adaptations include high frequencies of low pigmentation variants and a gene region associated with physical performance, which shows strong continuity into modern-day northern Europeans.nb_NO
dc.publisherPublic Library of Sciencenb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titlePopulation genomics of Mesolithic Scandinavia: Investigating early postglacial migration routes and high-latitude adaptationnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.rights.holder© 2018 Günther et al.nb_NO
dc.source.journalPLoS Biologynb_NO
cristin.unitnameNorsk institutt for kulturminneforskning

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal